Neurons are dynamically polarized cells responsible for electrochemically transmitting information throughout the nervous system. Scientists have characterized hundreds of neuron types based on location, morphology and gene expression. In general, there are three main types of neurons: motor neurons, sensory neurons, and interneurons. Despite great variability in size and shape, most neurons share common morphological features including a cell body, dendrites, the axon, and the axon terminals.
Neurons can be used to study:
Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, bipolar disorder, addiction, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injuries.